Faits intéressants sur les chats


If you own cats then you already know they’re some of the coolest animals on the planet. Ranked alongside dogs as the most popular domesticated furry friend, cats make excellent companions. But they’re also enigmatic little serial killers with a penchant for chewing on plants. No wonder some people believe that cats a choisi être domestiqués parce qu'ils considéraient les humains comme utiles dans leur quête de domination mondiale.

Is this true? Can’t say for certain, but we do have some fun and interesting facts about cats that are sure to jazz up your pet-themed trivia night.

Faits mignons sur les chats

There’s no denying that cats are adorable. While they might not be as goofy and endearing as dogs, cats have features and moods that make people go crazy. Who doesn’t want to touch the toe beans?

Voici quelques faits mignons sur les chats que vous devez absolument connaître :

  • Most cats have no eyelashes. Yes, they have fur around their eyelids that resembles eyelashes, but they have no need for eyelashes. There is something else that does the job of eyelashes for cats—the third eyelid, also known as membrane nictitante.
  • Cats can’t see directly under their nose. That is why you can’t put a treat down in front of them and expect them to find it right away. You can, however, point to what you want them to see, and your cat is sure to follow the gesture.
  • Un groupe de chats est connu sous le nom de clowder.
  • Il y a un Légende hébraïque qui dit que Dieu a créé les chats lorsque Noé avait besoin d'aide pour protéger ses réserves de nourriture des rats sur l'Arche. Un lion a éternué, et il en est sorti une paire de chats !
  • Les chats peuvent reconnaître différentes voix. Alors oui, ils vous ignorent lorsque vous appelez leur nom.
  • Les chats ont également une audition sélective, ne choisissant que ce qu'ils savent être bénéfique. Les chiens n'ont pas d'audition sélective, au cas où vous vous poseriez la question.
  • Every cat has a unique “print” on their nose that is much like human fingerprints. How cute.
  • Contrary to popular belief, cats don’t really need milk. Fascinatingly, most adult cats are lactose intolerant and can’t handle it. This is because, shortly after being weaned, cats stop producing lactase, l'enzyme nécessaire pour décomposer le lactose.
Pourrait-elle être plus mignonne ?

Faits étonnants sur les chats

Now that you’ve gotten your feet wet with cute cat facts, it’s time to delve into the facts that are truly amazing.

Cats Can’t Climb With Their Heads Down

Have you ever noticed that cats are fine scaling impossibly tall trees without a moment’s hesitation? Yet when they go to return to the ground, they freak out? The reason why so many fire departments are deployed to rescue cats stuck in trees is because cats can’t climb with their head pointed down.

One of the reasons for this is their claws. When climbing, their claws hook into the tree or telephone pole and help propel them up. Going down doesn’t provide the same benefit. So do cats really get stuck in trees despite being masterful climbers? Yep.

Les chats peuvent courir jusqu'à 30 miles par heure

Bien sûr, les chats peuvent sembler paresseux lorsqu'ils se roulent sur le dos et se prélassent au soleil toute la journée, but they’re not. When it comes to speed, domesticated cats are fast. In short spurts, some les chats peuvent atteindre des vitesses de 30 mph (48 kmh). Comparer, la vitesse maximale d'un guépard est de 74,56 mph (119 kmh) et les lions atteignent un maximum d'environ 50 mph (81 km/h). Lorsque vous considérez la différence de taille, ces 30 mph sont impressionnants.

Comment les petits chats domestiques atteignent-ils une telle vitesse ? Lors de la course, les jambes avant et arrière travaillent à l'unisson. Les pattes avant poussent tandis que les pattes arrière lancent leur corps, leur donnant la possibilité de courir autour de la maison à 3 heures du matin.

Les chats Tortie et Calico sont presque toujours des femelles

If you have a calico or tortoiseshell male cat, they’re extremely rare. Only 1 in 3,000 calico cats are male. How does this happen? It’s the X and Y chromosome.

Semblables aux humains, les chattes ont un appariement XX, tandis que les mâles ont XY. Étant donné que les chattes ne peuvent transmettre que le chromosome X, qui correspond à la couleur de la fourrure, de nombreuses chattes finissent par exprimer la couleur de la mère et du père, ainsi que la fourrure blanche. Les chats mâles ne reçoivent la couleur de la fourrure que de leur mère.

De même, la plupart des chats roux sont des mâles !

Les chats rêvent-ils de moutons cataire ?

Cats and humans have quite a bit in common, including REM sleep. During the Rapid Eye Movement stage, dreaming occurs. Cats might not dream about fighting dragons or showing up to high school naked, but they do relieve their day-to-day schedule. You might notice that your cat is moving its paws or twitching. Some even sleepwalk, though that’s rare. Most often, a cat’s dream consists of reliving a good meal or playing with toys.

Ever wonder how a lost cat can find its way back to your front door without issue? For many, many years, this was a mystery. Scientists discovered that cats have great memory for where they live and travel. They have mind maps of the routes they take, as well as cues that help them find their way if they’re unsure where they are headed. Cats also look to the position of the sun in the sky and use that for directions.


Les chats ont plus d'os que les humains

Humans might tower over cats, but that doesn’t mean our skeletons are as complex. Les chats ont 250 os while humans only have 206. Most of the extra bones are found in the tail, giving a cat extra mobility. In fact, the tail alone has between 19-23 vertebrae, which contributes to 10% of all the bones in a cat’s body.

Les chats transpirent par les pattes

Some of the first cats to walk the planet were from desert regions. Being that they were walking across arid regions in search of food, they evolved to cope with warm temperatures. Many breeds aren’t as adept in dealing with the heat as their ancestors, but one unique evolutionary trait remains: sweating through the paws.

When a cat is overheated, they will pant and sweat out between their toe beans. You may even notice a trail of sweaty paw prints on the kitchen floor. However, most cats have such small feet that sweating out the paws isn’t always helpful, so they may also excessively lick themselves to cool down.

Chat dans une baie

Faits amusants sur le comportement des chats

Having learned some facts that show just how incredible a cat is, it’s time to focus on their behaviors. Cats are, in many ways, the exact opposite of dogs. They are aloof, independent, and inquisitive to the point of persistence. But there are many cats that also display dog-like qualities, such as going on walks or hikes with their human companions, fetching toys, and protecting their humans from danger.

Voici d'autres faits amusants sur le comportement des chats que vous ne connaissez peut-être pas :

Les chats dorment jusqu'à 18 heures par jour

Les chats sont parmi les dormeurs les plus prolifiques au monde. Un chaton nouveau-né dormira près de 24 heures. À mesure que les chats vieillissent, ils ont besoin de moins de sommeil, mais la plupart dorment en moyenne environ 18 heures par jour. Pour le dire ainsi, si vous possédez un chat de 9 ans, il n'a été éveillé que pendant 3 ans de sa vie.

Running around and hunting prey expends a lot of energy in the wild. Sleep helps them conserve energy for the hunt. The same can’t be said for house cats, which is why some of them have weight issues!

Le miaulement est réservé aux humains

Here is a fun fact about cat behavior: meowing doesn’t happen between cats. When a cat meows, they are calling for humans.

It’s believed that when cats are kittens, they use meowing to communicate with their mothers. As they get older, they might start seeing their humans as their moms while reserving other forms of vocalizations for their feline friends.

Adult cats talk to one another with their tails, faces, and scent. People, on the other hand, get a full range of vocalizations that indicate all kinds of things, from greetings to “Get off your butt, I’m hungry!”

Manières de toilette

Les chats sont des créatures très propres et aiment garder une belle apparence. Cela vaut pour le bac à litière. Souvent, les chats couvriront leurs besoins avec une litière propre. On pense que cela reflète les comportements de la vie dans la nature, lorsque couvrir leur urine et leur caca cache leur odeur aux prédateurs. Alors, qu'est-ce que cela signifie lorsque votre chat laisse ses piles découvertes ?

When your cat doesn’t cover his poop, it’s a sign that they don’t fear you.

Communication de minou

Meowing isn’t the only way a cat talks to you. For instance, when a cat rubs on you with their face, it means that they are marking you as their territory. There are scent glands around the nose and cheeks that leave their scent behind.

Furthermore, there are tail shapes and wags, slow blinks, kneading or “making biscuits.” That butt in your face that you hate so much? It’s a sign of friendship. Another signal that your cat thinks of you as a friend is when they drape their tail over you.

Voici quelques faits supplémentaires liés au comportement des chats :

  • When cats are bored, they will attack your ankles. If their cats aren’t out, it’s not a sign of aggression but of playfulness.
  • Does your cats tail vibrate when they see? It’s weird to see, but it means that they’re happy to see you.
  • Les chats volent des objets à leurs propriétaires et aux autres parce que cela leur rappelle la chasse.
  • The next time you watch two cats fighting or playing, take note of the one who hisses. A hissing cat isn’t showing aggression but fear, and it means that they feel extremely vulnerable.
  • Évitez d'établir un contact visuel direct avec vos chats, car ils trouvent un tel comportement intimidant. Ceci est différent des chiens qui sont amicaux avec vous ; les chiens utilisent le contact visuel pour communiquer.
Chat rayé dans une maison moderne

Faits intéressants sur les chats pour que les enfants impressionnent leurs amis

Quel que soit leur âge, les enfants adoreront ces faits sur leurs amis à fourrure. Faites circuler ces faits à table ou sur le chemin de l'école :

  • Sir Isaac Newton, le même scientifique qui a découvert la gravité, a inventé la première chatière.
  • A cat’s sense of hearing is 5 times greater than a human’s.
  • Les chats peuvent également faire pivoter leurs oreilles à 180 degrés.
  • Les chats peuvent sauter cinq fois plus haut que leur taille.
  • A normal cat’s purr is between 25-150 Hz, which is at the frequency bones and muscles beginning repairing themselves. It’s believed that purring is a form of self-healing and self-soothing.
  • Le détenteur du record du ronronnement le plus fort est un chat nommé Merlin de Torquay, au Royaume-Uni. Ses ronronnements atteignent 67,8 décibels, soit plus du double du ronronnement normal de 25 db.
  • Les chats domestiques partagent environ 95% de leur génétique et de leurs comportements avec les tigres. Alors oui, vous avez un petit tigre chez vous.
  • Developmentally, the first year of a cat’s life is equal to the first 15 years of a person’s life. At 2 years old, a cat’s development is equal to a 25 year old human. From then on, a cat’s years equal about 7 of a person’s.

All The Cat Facts You’ll Ever Need

What are some mind blowing facts about cats? Go through the list again, if needed, because there are so many interesting facts about cats here. Now that you know a little bit more about cats, you may have a newfound love and appreciation for your purring companion. The next time they meow, remember it’s just for you!

Apprenez-en plus sur votre ami félin dans notre article sur significations de queue de chat!